Friday, July 6, 2012

Lesson plan

LESSON PLAN

School Level                       : Junior High School/SMP
Subject                                : English
Grade/Semester                  : VIII / Two
Skill                                     : Writing
Time allotment                    : 40 minutes

A.    Competence Standard       : Expressing meanings of written functional texts and short            simple essays in the form of recount texts to interact with
      the closet environment.      
B.    Basic Competence              : Expressing ideas and generic structures in written short,               simple narrative and recount essay accurately and fluently.
C.    Goal                                     : Through the models of questioning technique, the students
                                             are able to write a simple recount text communicatively, accurately, and acceptably.
D.    Indicators                            :
1.      The students are able to answer the selected questions based on the information from the timetables in complete sentences
2.      The students are able to arrange their answers to be a good recount text correctly based on its rhetorical features or generic structure
3.      The students are able to combine their recount text with the appropriate connectors
The character building from this activity: tolerant, curiosity, and responsible
E.    Learning Objectives:
At the end of the teaching learning process the students are able:
1.      to use the verbs in the past form correctly
2.      to use the words that show the order of events in recount text correctly
3.      to apply the generic structures of a recount text correctly
4.      to select the questions which have relevant ideas to the timetables
5.      to answer the selected questions based on the information from the timetables in complete sentences
6.      to arrange their answers to be a good recount text correctly based on its rhetorical features or generic structure
7.      to combine their recount text with the appropriate connectors
F.     Learning Materials:
1.    A model of recount text: “Fishing” (Appendix 1)
2.    Vocabulary which related to the topic: looked for, rode, back, etc.
3.    Generic structure or rhetorical features of recount text:
a.       Orientation: it gives readers background information of the story. As the opening paragraph, it should answer the questions: who, what, where, when, and how.
b.      List/series of events: it tells a series of events in chronological order.
c.       Reorientation: it consists of a type of conclusion with a comment or a summary and evaluation about the topic of the story. (Adapted from English on Sky 2 for Junior High School Students Year VIII, published by Erlangga:2007, page 174)
4.    The use of Simple Past Tense: regular and irregular verbs.
5.    The use of conjunctions or connectors, like: first, next, then, finally, etc.
6.    A timetables: “Zahra’s Last Holiday in Bung Karno’s Grave” (Appendix 2)
7.    Linguistic features of essay texts in the form of recount text (Appendix 3)




G.    Method:
-          Modeling
-          Question and Answer
-          Learning Community/Group works
-          Three Phase Technique ( Presentation – Practice – Production )

H.    Learning Activities

No
Activities
Time
1
Pre-Activities ( Opening )
1.      Teacher greets the students
2.      Teacher asks the students’ condition
3.      Teacher tells the students about the learning objectives
3’
2



















































3
Whilst Activities ( Main Activities )
A.        Presentation
1.      Teacher asks students about activities they did
a.       (“What did you do in your last holiday?”)
b.      (“Where did you go in your last holiday?”)
c.       (“How did you go there?”)
d.      (“Whom did you go there with?”)
2.      Teacher writes down the students’ answers on the white board
3.      Teacher provides a model of a recount text

Title


Fishing

Last holiday, Ahmad went fishing with his father. They went to a river near their house. It is not very far so they just rode their bicycles.
Settings or Orientation
First, they looked for a god place to sit. Then, they started fishing. They sat there for more than three hours, but it was met their lucky day. They could not get fish.
Series of events
                                              They were very tired, so they rode back home.
Reoreintation
 
(Adapted from English on Sky 2 for Junior High School Students Year VIII,  published by Erlangga:2007)

4.      Teacher asks the students a few questions about the model of a recount text (such as when …..., who ……, what ……., and  where……)
5.      The teacher explains the generic structure or rhetorical features of a recount text
6.      The teacher asks the students to identify the simple past tense (particularly about the regular and irregular verbs) used in the model text.
7.      The teacher asks the students to identify conjunctions or connectors used in the model text
8.      Teacher asks the students to identify the words used in the text
9.      Teacher explains the students about tense used in a recount text, the words that show the order of events, and the writer’s impression

B.     Practice
1.      The teacher asks the students to make a group of 3 or 4 persons
2.      The teacher gives each group a timetables “Zahra’s Last Holiday in Bung Karno’s Grave” with a list of questions
3.      The teacher asks each group to select the questions which relevant to the timetables
4.      The teacher asks each group to answer the selected questions in complete sentences
5.      The teacher asks the students to arrange the answers of the selected questions to be a recount text individually
6.      The teacher asks the students to combine their recount text with the appropriate connectors individually
C.     Production
1.      The teacher asks the students to revise their recount text by considering the revising guideline provided by the teacher
2.      The teacher asks the students to edit their recount text by considering the revising guideline provided by the teacher
Post Activity
1.      The teacher asks the students to submit their final compositions
2.      Teacher reviews in a brief about the use of past tense, the words that show the order of events, and generic structures of a recount text


12’

































15’











5’




5’





I.     Media/Sources:
1.      A model of recount text (taken from English on Sky 2 for Junior High School Students Year VIII, published by Erlangga:2007, page 174)
2.      Timetables (“Zahra’s Last Holiday in Bung Karno’s Grave”)
J.    Assessment:
1.      On going assessment: Teacher guides the students to write a simple recount text
2.      Product assessment:
a.       Form: writing text
b.      Type : Essay
c.       Assessment Criteria:
-          Content           : 40%
-          Organization    : 20%
-          Vocabulary      : 20%
-          Grammar         : 20%

K.    Scoring Rubric for Writing
Aspect
Score
Performance Description
Content

(C)
21 – 16
11 – 15
6 – 10
5 – 1
Knowledge, substantive, and relevant to the assigned topic
Knowledge, mostly relevant to the topic but lacks detail
Limited knowledge and inadequate development topic
Does not show knowledge and not enough to evaluate
Organization

(O)
21 – 16
11 – 15

6 – 10

5 – 1
Ideas clearly stated/supported, logical sequencing, cohesive
Loosely organized but main ideas stand out, limited support, and logical but incomplete sequencing
Ideas confused or disconnected, lacks logical sequencing and development
Does not communicate,  no organization, and not enough to evaluate
Grammar

(G)
21 – 16

11 – 15

6 – 10

5 – 1
Native-like fluency in English grammar; correct use of tense sequencing; articles, preposition, and verb forms
Some grammar problems do not influence communication, although the reader is aware of them
Ideas are getting through the reader, but grammar problems are apparent and have negative effects on communication
Numerous serious grammar problems interfere with communication of the writer’s ideas; hard to read sentences
Vocabulary

(V)
21 – 16

11 – 15

6 – 10
5 – 1
Precise vocabulary usage; use of parallel structure; concise; register good
Attempt variety; good vocabulary; register OK; style fairly concise
Some vocabulary misused; not wordy; lacks awareness of register; may too wordy
Poor expression of ideas; problems in vocabulary; lack variety of structure
Mechanics

(M)
21 – 16

11 – 15

6 – 10

5 – 1
Correct use of English writing conventions; all needed capitals; paragraph indented, punctuation and spelling
Some problems with writing conventions or punctuation; occasional spelling errors
Uses general writing conventions but has errors; spelling problems distract readers; punctuation errors interfere with ideas
Serious problems with writing conventions; part of essay not legible; error in sentence punctuation

Score material
Grade = The Correct Answer  X 100
                      Max scores





                                                                                               
            Acknowledged by,                                                     Blitar,  June, 24th  2012
            The Headmaster                                                          Teacher,




            Drs.  H. IMAM SAPINGI, M.Pd.                           Teguh Raharjo, S.Pd.          
NIP. 19631112 198902 1 004                                                NIP. 19690517 199802 1 004









STUDENTS’ WORKSHEET


Fishing
Last holiday, Ahmad went fishing with his father. They went to a river near their house. It is not very far so they just rode their bicycles.
First, they looked for a good place to sit. Then, they started fishing. They sat there for more than three hours, but it was not their lucky day. They could not get fish.
They were very tired, so they rode back home.

(Adapted from English on Sky 2 for Junior High School Students Year VIII, published by Erlangga: 2007)

Task 1: Answer the question based on the text!

1.      When did Ahmad go fishing?
…………………………………………………………
2.      Where did Ahmad go last holiday?
…………………………………………………………
3.      With whom did Ahmad go fishing?
…………………………………………………………
4.      How did they go fishing?
…………………………………………………………
5.      Did they feel tired?
…………………………………………………………


Task 2: Write down the verbs in the text!

No
Verbs II
Verbs I
Meaning
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
went
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..

go
………………………
………………………
………………………
………………………
………………………
………………………
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..

Task 3: Identify the conjunctions or connectors used in the text!           

………………………………………………………………………………….





Task 4: Read the timetables of  Zahra’s Last Holiday below!

Zahra’s Last Holiday in Bung Karno’s Grave

No
Day/Date
Time
Activities
1
Sunday,  June, 17th  2012
09.00 – 10.00
go to Bung Karno’s grave with family by car
10.00 – 12.00
buy some souvenirs, T-shirt  and enjoy the scenery around of the Bung Karno’s grave  
12.00 – 13.00
have lunch


13.00 – 14.00
go home happily

Task 5: Answer the questions below in complete sentence!
1.      What did Zahra do last holiday?
………………………………………………………………………………………
2.      With whom did Zahra go there?
………………………………………………………………………………………
3.      How did they go there?
………………………………………………………………………………………
4.      When did it happen?
………………………………………………………………………………………
5.      What did they do first there?
………………………………………………………………………………………
6.      What did they do then?
………………………………………………………………………………………
7.      What did they do next?
………………………………………………………………………………………
8.      How did they feel?
………………………………………………………………………………………


Task 6: Arrange the answers from the questions above into a good recount text using the connectors!

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………



THE KEYS


Task 1:
1.        Ahmad went fishing last holiday.
2.        Ahmad went to a river near their house last holiday.
3.        Ahmad went fishing with his father.
4.        They went fishing by their bicycles.
5.        Yes, they did.

Task 2:

No
Verbs II
Verbs I
Meaning
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
went
rode
looked
started
sat
was
were
go
ride
look
start
sit
is
are
pergi
mengendarai
melihat
mulai
duduk
adalah
adalah

Task 3: First, then, but, so

Task 5:
1.      Last holiday Zahra went to Bung Karno’s grave
2.      She went there with her family
3.      They went there by car
4.      It happened on Sunday, June, 17th 2012
5.      They bought some souvenirs and T-shirt
6.      They enjoyed the scenery around of Bung Karno’s grave
7.      Next, they had lunch
8.      They felt happy.

Task 6: The good arrangement of a recount text


Zahra’s Last Holiday in Bung Karno’s Grave

Last holiday Zahra went to Bung Karno’s grave. She went there with her family. They went there by car. It happened on Sunday, June, 17th 2012.
First, they bought some souvenirs and T-shirt. Then they enjoyed the scenery around of Bung Karno’s grave. Afterwards, they had lunch.
            Finally, they went home. They felt happy.








Appendix

Appendix 1: A model of recount text: “Fishing”

Fishing
Last holiday, Ahmad went fishing with his father. They went to a river near their house. It is not very far so they just rode their bicycles.
First, they looked for a good place to sit. Then, they started fishing. They sat there for more than three hours, but it was not their lucky day. They could not get fish.
They were very tired, so they rode back home.

(Adapted from English on Sky 2 for Junior High School Students Year VIII,  published by Erlangga:2007)


Appendix 2: A timetables: “Zahra’s Last Holiday in Bung Karno’s Grave”

Zahra’s Last Holiday in Bung Karno’s Grave

No
Day/Date
Time
Activities
1
Sunday,  June, 17th  2012
09.00 – 10.00
go to Bung Karno’s grave with family by car
10.00 – 12.00
buy some souvenirs, T-shirt  and enjoyed the scenery around of the Bung Karno’s grave  
12.00 – 13.00
have lunch


13.00 – 14.00
go home happily


Appendix 3: Linguistic features of essay texts in the form of recount
           
The Simple Past Tense
            Verbal (+)
Subject
Verb II
Object
time signal:
1. last...., 2. .... ago)
I
went
to Bung Karno’s grave
last holiday


Verbal (-)
Subject
Did not
Verb I
Object
time signal
I
Didn’t
go
to Bung Karno’s grave
last month

Verbal (?)
Did
Subject
Verb I
Object
time signal
?
Did
I
go
to Bung Karno’s grave
last month
?

Nominal (+)
Subject
Was/were
Object
time signal
They
were
very tired

Nominal (-)
Subject
Was/were + not
Object
time signal
They
weren’t
very tired


Nominal (?)
Was/were
Subject
Object
time signal
Were
They
very tired



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